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What is CMS and How Does it Work?

If you do web designing or you are interested in computers, then you must have heard the name of CMS at some point or the other. CMS is very important to build a website.

It is very easy for you to understand CMS if you have a little knowledge of computers.

If you do not have computer knowledge and you are not from the technical field, then you will hardly have knowledge about CMS. But there is nothing to worry about.

Because through this article I will explain to you in easy language what is CMS, what is the full form of CMS, how CMS works, what are examples of CMS and what are the advantages and disadvantages of using CMS.

If you want to know what is  CMS, then for this you have to read the article till the end. So let’s start today’s article without wasting any time.

What is CMS?

CMS, whose full name is Content Management System, is a type of software program or a set of tools. Through CMS, a common user who does not have knowledge of coding can also create his website and manage his content.

Simply, put a system through which users can manage their digital content is called CMS.

Through CMS, you can manage the content of your website, such as articles, images, videos, audios, etc, and adjust your website as needed.

A person who does not have knowledge of coding can also easily create his website through CMS. 

Why CMS was Needed?

To understand the need for CMS, we first need to know how the website was created earlier. When the Internet came into new existence, it used to take many days to create a website.

To make a website, a lot of coding had to be done and for coding, it was necessary to have knowledge of many computer languages ​​(like HTML, JAVA, CSS, C++, PHP, etc.).

It used to take 3 – 4 days to do this coding. Creating a website through coding used to face a lot of difficulties.

To overcome this problem, CMS was created. The website used to take 3-4 days to build earlier, but with the help of CMS, that website can be created in just ten minutes.

Earlier, in creating a website, all the features the website had to be coding. But after the existence of CMS, the user already gets the basic website format. Users can arrange that website format as per their convenience.

Many facilities are provided to the user inside the CMS. Users can apply themes, install plugins, add new features and give an attractive look to the website.

How Does CMS Works?

CMS provides a (GUI) Graphical User Interface to the user, through which the user can easily manage the website.

A basic format of the website is pre-prepared in the CMS, which contains many functions. Users can activate or deactivate these functions with one click and can manage their content.

CMS hides the complex coding and provides a user-friendly interface to the user.

Let us understand this through an example, suppose you want to publish on the website without writing content without CMS.

Then for this, you have to do a lot of coding and then upload the content to the server of the website. This work will take you a lot of time.

On the other hand, by using CMS, you will have a user-friendly interface and you can write content by typing in the same way as you type in MS Word, and publish the content on the website with a single click.

That content goes live on your website in Real Time.

To better understand the working of CMS, you must also have knowledge about its components.

What are the Components of CMS

There are mainly two parts of CMS by which this whole system works. One CMA and the other CDA.

CMA (Content Manage Application) – This is the editing component of CMS that works on the front-end. CMA provides a user-friendly interface to the user through which the user is able to interact with the website.

Through CMA, the user can activate or deactivate any function in the website with just one click and can create, edit and delete the content of the website.

CDA (Content Delivery Application) – This is a publishing component of CMS that works on the back-end. When the user creates, updates, or deletes content on the website, CDA publishes the activity done by the user on the website.

Example of CMS

  • WordPress is the world’s largest CMS. About 30% of the world’s websites are built on WordPress.
  • Blogger is also a well-known platform for web design, which is a product of Google.
  • You can also create a website on Magento. E-commerce websites like Flipkart and Amazon are built on Magento.
  • E-commerce websites are also created on Opencart.
  • Joomla, Drupal, Wix, etc. are also examples of CMS.

In today’s time, many types of CMS have come into the market, through which we can easily create a website.

Major Advantages of CMS

By now you must have understood what is CMS, now let us also know about some benefits of CMS. There are many benefits to the user of using CMS. such as –

  • Earlier it used to take a long time to build a website, but after the arrival of CMS, the website can be created in ten minutes. This saved time.
  • Earlier, a web developer was needed to create a website, it used to take a lot of money to build a website, but after the arrival of CMS, any person can create a website, so it also saved money.
  • CMS has excellent security features to keep website content and database safe from hackers.
  • CMS provides SEO friendly interface.
  • With this, a website can be created even without the knowledge of computer language.
  • Almost all CMS is open source, you are not charged any kind of charge for using them.
  • A person who is not from the technical field can also create a website with the help of CMS.

Some Disadvantages of CMS

While CMS has many advantages on one hand, on the other hand, it has some disadvantages too. Let’s also take a look at the disadvantages of CMS.

  • The user has to rely on plugins and widgets for many of his tasks.
  • Many plugins are very expensive, costing hundreds of dollars.
  • If you use more plugins to make your website attractive then the speed of your website slows down.

FAQs Regarding CMS

Q – What do you understand by CMS?

CMS is a system by which any user can create a website and manage their content without coding knowledge.

Q – What is the full form of CMS?

The full name of CMS is Content Management System, which is called Content Management System in Hindi.

Q – What is an example of CMS?

Examples of CMS are WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, Wix, etc.

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